Self-Assessment Video: An Effective Supplementary Learning Tool in the Development of Cardiovascular Examination Skills of Medical Students


Background: Self-evaluation can augment the facilitation of acquiring knowledge, skills and attitude through a reflective method. Self-assessment video (SAV) can be a very useful reflective method tool that is student-centered and self-directed.

Objective: This study aimed to identify if SAV is an effective supplementary learning tool in improving cardiovascular examination knowledge, skills and attitude of second year medical students.

Methodology: A quasi-experimental two-group design with pre- and post-test was used. The study population by convenience sampling involved second year medical students of the University of Santo Tomas Faculty of Medicine and Surgery. A structured direct observation checklist on cardiovascular precordial examination was used, done on two occasions in a week interval period. The said examinations were recorded in a video and evaluated and scored by two independent facilitators on these two occasions. The experimental group had the opportunity to review their videos immediately after the two examinations and accomplished self-assessment form. One-Way Repeated Measures Multivariate Analysis of Variance (One-Way RM-MANOVA), a parametric multivariate test for between- and within-group comparison of multiple dependent variables was used.

Results: It showed that there was a significant improvement in all parameters measured after the intervention (SAV in the experimental group compared to the control group).

Conclusion: The study showed that SAV is an effective supplementary learning tool in cardiovascular examination attitude, knowledge, and skills, and can be a very useful teaching and learning self-evaluation tool.

Key words: Self-Assessment Video, Reflective Learning, Self-Directed Learning, Learning Tools, Evaluation Tools.

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