JMUST Vol 4 Issue 1

Journal for Medicine, UST

Editor: Dr. Raymond Rosales

ISSN: 2546-1621

Volume 4  Issue 1

Coronavirus at Manila’s doorstep notwithstanding, JMUST releases our latest issue. We have six research articles, one protocol for systematic review and one news article in this issue of JMUST.

Scientific Publishing: Vital for Public Health and Authors

What happens when you, potential authors of scientific research study, decide not to write and submit your findings for peer-review publication? Nothing. That “nothing” joins the countless invisible romantic mountains of lost learnings and the trash of obsolescence. The vital interest of public health is not served, and you lose the chance to contribute to the advancement of scientific learning and your consequent professional development. Even with thought, discussion, lab or fieldwork and analysis, if not written or published, it is still nothing, nonexistent.

The P-A-I-N-S Typology of Health Literacy Perspectives among Filipino Chronic Non-malignant Pain Sufferers: A Q Methodology Study

Pain is an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage, or described in terms of such damage (IASP). Acute pain is a positive experience that performs a survival function. However, when the pain becomes chronic these first accounts are generally found wanting and are often replaced by more biomedical accounts of illness and cure. As a culturally-invested construct and a private sensation that cannot be reduced by objectification, this paper proposes to segment the health literacy perspectives in the eyes of the Filipino chronic non-malignant pain sufferer through the lens of the social constructionist theory. The intent is to explore the extent to which such domains require a re-thinking of the healthcare professionals' approach to the management of Filipino patients with chronic pain.

Neurological Soft Signs in Patients with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Aged 6 to 18 Years Old at a University Hospital: A Cross-sectional Study

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common neurodevelopmental disorder in children persisting into adulthood. Evidence suggests that the condition is etiologically related to delayed brain maturation. The detection of the presence of neurological soft signs can be a means to assess neuromaturation. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of neurological soft signs in ADHD patients and determine any correlation between the presence of neurological soft signs with age, gender, severity and type of ADHD which could give further insights into this disorder.

Induction Chemotherapy Followed by Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy in Filipinos With Locally Advanced Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma: A Cancer Institute Experience in a University Hospital

The objectives of this study is to report the oncologic outcomes and safety and tolerability of induction chemotherapy in locally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma treated at our institution – The Benavides Cancer Institute, University of Santo Tomas Hospital, Manila, Philippines

A Three-Year Single Center Quality of Life Study Among Adult Patients With Tuberculosis Arthritis who Underwent Surgery

Tuberculosis arthritis is a type of extrapulmonary manifestation of tuberculosis (TB) and can be seen in many clinical forms, especially in developing countries.

This study looks into the quality of life (QoL) of patients who were diagnosed with tuberculous arthropathy of the extremity and underwent surgery at the University of Santo Tomas Hospital (USTH) from January 2014 to December 2016 using the Tagalog SF – 36 questionnaire.

Occurrence and Risk Factors of Renal Artery Stenosis in Patients Undergoing Abdominal Computed Tomography Angiography, a One-Year Study in a Tertiary Hospital in Manila

Renal artery stenosis (RAS) is one of the most common primary diseases of the renal arteries. It is associated with hypertension as well as ischemic renal disease. Its concomitant presence constitutes a high cardiovascular risk, thus timely diagnosis is important. This study aims to determine the occurrence of RAS in patients undergoing abdominal CT angiography and determines other factors that predict the highest-risk subset who have significant renal artery narrowing.

Association of Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio (NLR) and Platelet-to-Lymphocyte Ratio (PLR) to Disease Activity in Filipino Lupus Patients

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic, multisystem, autoimmune disease characterized by autoantibody production, immune complex deposition and excessive pro-inflammatory cytokine production due to an aberrant and dysfunctional immune system. Disease activity markers for SLE are helpful in the management and prognostication of the disease. The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) have been studied as a novel inflammatory marker and prognostic markers for cardiovascular diseases, inflammatory disorders and malignancies.

The aim of the study is to investigate the association of NLR and PLR to disease activity of Filipino patients with SLE.

Association of Educational Interventions with Clinician Learning and Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia Patient Outcomes: A Protocol for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Recent studies have shown that educational interventions for ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) prevention may result in positive outcomes in intensive care units. However, other studies investigating this kind of intervention have produced inconsistent results. Thus this paper reports a protocol for systematic review and planned meta-analysis to investigate the association of instituted VAP educational interventions with clinician learning and patient outcomes.

Introducing the Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPACK) Framework to the University of Santo Tomas Faculty of Medicine and Surgery

Technological developments affect both teaching and learning. The inclusion of educational technologies provides a tremendous boost and motivation in knowledge acquisition of the millennial, tech-savvy students much like our University of Santo Tomas Faculty of Medicine and Surgery (USTFMS) medical students.