Cerebral Venous Sinus Thrombosis Presenting as Intracerebral Hemorrhage and Subarachnoid Hemorrhage: A Case Report


We present a 66-year-old male presenting with sudden onset of headache. Medical decompression was done and neuroimaging of plain cranial CT angiogram (CTA) and CT venogram (CTV) showed components of subarachnoid hemorrhage, intracerebral hemorrhage and hyperdense appearance of the superior sagittal sinus and proximal left transverse sinus. The following were done to look for etiologic factors: 1. fungal swab to determine the cause of the intracerebral hemorrhage secondary to venous thrombosis as the patient presented with a chronic history of sinusitis, 2. coagulopathy workup to look for a hypercoagulable state, and 3. workup for systemic disease of autoimmune in etiology. Anticoagulation was safely initiated within several days given the regression of the intracerebral hemorrhage along with stable findings of subarachnoid hemorrhage. Here we report cerebral venous sinus thrombosis rarely presenting as acute subarachnoid hemorrhage and intracerebral hemorrhage.

Keywords: Cerebral venous thrombosis, superior sagittal sinus thrombosis, subarachnoid hemorrhage, intracerebral hemorrhage

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