Leading Change in a 150-year-old Medical School: Overcoming the Challenges of a VUCA World Amidst a 21st Century Pandemic


This oration was delivered by the author during the annual discurso de apertura at the formal opening of the academic year 2021-2022 at the University of Santo Tomas last August 2, 2021. The discurso started as a Dominican Catholic tradition on July 16, 1866 as an annual event. The professor or dean assigned the preparation of this academic paper is appointed by the rector of the university a few months prior to the opening of each school year.



  1. Pe JL. The University of Santo Tomas in the twentieth century. University of Santo Tomas Press; 1973.
  2. De Ramos NV. I walked with twelve UST rectors. Quezon City: A.G. Ablaza and C. de Ramos Ablaza; 2000.

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