Empowering the Filipino Physician through Continuing Professional Development in the Philippines: Gearing towards ASEAN Harmonization and Globalization
Maria Minerva P. Calimag
Apr 2018 DOI 10.35460/2546-1621.2017-0097 Access
The Global Initiative towards Continuing Professional Development in the Medical Profession
Medicine is a very dynamic field and healthcare professionals need to learn new evidence that increase exponentially over time hence, the need to engage in Continuing Professional Development (CPD).(1) Globally, this is supported by the World Federation of Medical Education (WFME) in its Trilogy of WFME Documents first drafted in 2003.(2) The overall mission of the WFME is the promotion of "improved health of all peoples". In keeping with its constitution, as the international body representing all medical teachers and medical teaching institutions, WFME undertakes to promote the highest scientific and ethical standards in medical education, while integrating 21st Century teaching strategies and learning methods, introducing technology-enabled instructional tools, and innovative management of medical education. In accordance with this mandate, WFME in its 1998 position paper launched the programme on International Standards in Medical Education. The purpose was to provide a mechanism for quality improvement in medical education, in a global context, to be applied by institutions responsible for medical education, and in programs throughout the continuum of medical education. The WFME standard is framed in such a way as to specify attainment at two different levels: (a) basic standards or minimum requirements; and (b) standards for quality development.
- Global Health Workforce Alliance. 2008. Scaling up, saving lives. Task Force for Scaling Up Education and Training for Health Workers. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization. 2008 [cited 22 April 2018]. Available from: http://www.who.int/workforcealliance/documents/Global_Health%20FINAL%20R...
- World Federation for Medical Education (WFME). [Internet]. Continuing professional development of medical doctors: WFME global standards for quality improvement. Wfme.org. 2003 [cited 30 April 2018]. Available from: http://wfme.org/publications/wfme-global-standards-cpd-english/
- World Federation for Medical Education (WFME). [Internet]. Continuing professional development of medical doctors: WFME global standards for quality improvement. Wfme.org. 2015 [cited 30 April 2018]. Available from: http://wfme.org/publications/wfme-global-standards-cpd-english/
- Peck C, McCall M, McLaren B, Rotem T. Continuing medical education and continuing professional development: international comparisons. BMJ : British Medical Journal. 2000; 320(7232):432-435.
- Joint Centre for Education in Medicine. Good CPD guide. Sutton, Surrey: Reed Healthcare 1999:23.
- Garattini L, Gritti S, Compadri PD, and Casadei G. “Continuing medical education in six European countries: A comparative analysis.” Health Policy 2010; 94(3): 246-254.
- Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh [Internet] 2018 [cited 10 May 2018] Available from: http://www.rcpe.ac.uk/events-cpd/continuing-professional-development
- Aparicio A. Continuing Professional Development for doctors, certification, licensure and quality improvement. A model to follow? Educ Med 2015;16(1):50-56.
- Frank JR, Snell L, Sherbino J. CanMEDS 2015 Physician Competency Framework. Ottawa: The Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada. [Internet] 2015. [cited 10 May 2018] Available from: http://canmeds.royalcollege.ca/uploads/en/framework/CanMEDS%202015%20Framework_EN_Reduced.pdf
- Pelletier S. Globalizing CME’s future. Medical Meetings 2010; 37(6): 35-37.
- Royal Australasian College of Physicians. Review of the maintenance of professional standards program. [Internet]. 1999. [cited 30 April 2018]. Available from: www.racp.edu.au.
- Muula, Adamson S., Humphreys Misiri, Yamikani Chimalizeni, Davis Mpando, Chimota Phiri, and Amos Nyaka. 2004. “Access to continued professional education among health workers in Blantyre, Malawi.” African Health Sciences 2004; 4(3): 182-184.
- Ndege, Samson. 2006. Continuing professional development: A southern perspective. International Hospital Federation Reference Book 2005/2006. Nairobi, Kenya: Pathfinder International. [Internet] 2006 [cited 30 April 2018] Available from: http://www.ihf-fih.org/en/content/download/213/1361/file/42-ndege_jh.pdf.
- Lewis A. Miller, Xuejun Chen, Vaibhav Srivastava, Lisa Sullivan, Weiguang Yang & Charity Yii. CME credit systems in three developing countries: China, India and Indonesia, Journal of European CME, 2017;4(1):27411. DOI: 10.3402/jecme.v4.27411
- Lee MJ. How to improve the continuing professional development in Korea. Korean J Med Educ 2016; 28(2): 153-156. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3946/kjme.2016.27
- Kim S and Choi S. The Medical Professionalism of Korean Physicians: Present and Future BMC Medical Ethics. 2015;16:56 DOI 10.1186/s12910-015-0051-7
- Younies, Hassan, Belal Berham, and Pamela C. Smith. “Perceptions of continuing medical education, professional development, and organizational support in the United Arab Emirates.” Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions 2010; 30(4): 251-256.
- Faghihi SA, Khankeh HR, Hosseini SJ, Arabshahi SKS, Faghih Z, Mandana Shirazi M. Impractical CME programs: Influential parameters in Iran. Med J Islam Repub Iran. 2017;31.6. https://doi.org/10.18869/mjiri.31.6
- ASEAN MRA (Mutual Recognition Arrangement) on medical practitioners; [Internet] 2009. [cited on 30 April 2018]
- DIRECTIVE 2013/55/EU OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL [Internet] of 20 November 2013. [Cited on 28 April 2018]. Available from: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/ALL/?uri=celex%3A32013L0055.
- van der Velden T, Van H, Vu Quoc H, Van H, Baron R. Continuing medical education in Vietnam: New legislation and new roles for medical schools. Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions. 2010; 30(2):144-148.
- Sonoda M, Syhavong B, Vongsamphanh C, Phoutsavath P, Inthapanith, Rotem A and Fujita N. The evolution of the national licensing system of health care professionals: a qualitative descriptive case study in Lao People’s Democratic Republic. Human Resources for Health. 2017; 15:51
- Yoon HB, Shin JS, Bouphavanh K, Kang YM. Evaluation of a continuing professional development training program for physicians and physician assistants in hospitals in Laos based on the Kirkpatrick model. JEducEvalHealthProf 2016;13:21 Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.3352/jeehp.2016.13.21
- Jennings SF. Personal development plans and self-directed learning for healthcare professionals: are they evidence based? Postgrad Med J 2007;83:518–524. doi: 10.1136/pgmj.2006.053066
- Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development 2018, 151 The Broadway, London SW19 1JQ, UK Incorporated by Royal Charter, Registered Charity no. 1079797 [Internet] 2018 [cited 10 May 2018] Available from: https://www.cipd.co.uk/learn/cpd
- Filipe HP, Silva ED, Stulting AA, Golnik KC. Continuing Professional Development: Best Practices. Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology. 2014;21(2):134-141. doi:10.4103/0974-9233.129760.
- Campbell C, Silver I, Sherbino J, et al. Competency-based continuing professional development. Med Teach 2010; 32:657-62.
- Frank JR, Snell L, Sherbino J. CanMEDS 2015 Physician Competency Framework. Ottawa: The Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada, 2015.
- Kitto S, Danilovich N, Delva D, Meuser J, Presseau J, Grimshaw J, Hendry P. Uncharted territory: Knowledge translation of competency-based continuing professional development in family medicine. Canadian Family Physician 2018; 64: 250-3.
- Institute of Medicine of the National Academies (IOM). Redesigning continuing education in the health professions. Washington DC: National Academies Press. 2009. [cited 26 April 2018] Available from: http://www.nap. edu/catalog.php?record_id=12704.
- Filipe HP, Mack HG, Golnik KC. Continuing professional development: progress beyond continuing medical education. Ann Eye Sci 2017;2:46.
- Challis M. AMEE Medical Education Guide No.11 (revised): Portfolio-based learning and assessment in medical education. Medical Teacher 1999;21:370-86.
- Sehlbach C, Govaerts MJ, Mitchell S, Rohde GGU, Smeenk FWJM, Driessen EW. Doctors on the move: a European case study on the key characteristics of national recertification systems. BMJ Open. 2018 Apr 17;8(4):e019963. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-019963.
- Kitto S, Bell M, Peller J, Sargeant J, Etchells E, Reeves S, et al. Positioning continuing education: boundaries and intersections between the domains continuing education, knowledge translation, patient safety and quality improvement. Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract 2013;18(1):141-56. Epub 2011 Dec 14.
- Thomas A, Menon A, Boruff J, Rodriguez AM, Ahmed S. Applications of social constructivist learning theories in knowledge translation for healthcare professionals: a scoping review. Implement Sci 2014;9:54.
- Blaschke LM and Hase S. Heutagogy: A Holistic Framework for Creating Twenty-First-Century Self-determined Learners. Chapter 2 The Future of Ubiquitous Learning, Lecture Notes in Educational Technology, B. Gros et al. (eds.) Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016 25, [cited 28 April 2018] DOI 10.1007/978-3-662-47724-3_2 Available from: https://www.instructionaldesign.institute/uploads/3/1/2/2/31221959/heutagogy_a_holistic_framework_for_creating_twenty-first-century_self-determined_learners.pdf
- Hase, S. & Kenyon, C. Heutagogy: A child of complexity theory. Complicity: An International Journal of Complexity and Education. 2007;4(1):111-119.
- Redwood C, Winning T, Townsend G. The missing link: self-assessment and continuing professional development. Aust Dent J. 2010 Mar; 55(1):15-9.
- Executive Order 83, Series 2012 INSTITUTIONALIZATION OF THE PHILIPPINE QUALIFICATIONS FRAMEWORK [cited 28 April 2018]. Available from : http://www.officialgazette.gov.ph/2012/10/01/executive-order-no-83-s-2012/
- ASEAN Qualifications Reference Framework [Internet] 2016 [cited 10 May 2018) Available from: http://asean.org/storage/2017/03/ED-02-ASEAN-Qualifications-Reference-Framework-January-2016.pdf
- CHED Memorandum Order 46 Series of 2012 Policy-Standard to Enhance Quality Assurance (QA) in Philippine Higher Education through an Outcomes-based and Typology-based QA [cited 10 May 2018] Available from: http://ched.gov.ph/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/CMO-No.46-s2012.pdf
- Republic Act 10912 of 2016 AN ACT MANDATING AND STRENGTHENING THE CONTINUING PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM FOR ALL REGULATED PROFESSIONS, CREATING THE CONTINUING PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT COUNCIL, AND APPROPRIATING FUNDS THEREFOR, AND FOR OTHER RELATED PURPOSES. 2016 [cited 10 May 2018] Available from: http://www.officialgazette.gov.ph/2016/07/21/republic-act-no-10912/
- Republic Act 8981 PRC Modernization Act of 2000 AN ACT MODERNIZING THE PROFESSIONAL REGULATION COMMISSION, REPEALING FOR THE PURPOSE PRESIDENTIAL DECREE NUMBERED TWO HUNDRED AND TWENTY-THREE, ENTITLED "CREATING THE PROFESSIONAL REGULATION COMMISSION AND PRESCRIBING ITS POWERS AND FUNCTIONS," AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES. [cited 10 May 2018] Available from: https://www.lawphil.net/statutes/repacts/ra2000/ra_8981_2000.html
- PRC Resolution 2013-774 Series of 2013 Revised Guidelines for Continuing Professional Development [cited 10 May 2018] Available from: https://www.scribd.com/document/245581187/PRC-Resolution-2013-774-Revised-Guidelines-Continuing-Professional-Development-CPD-Program
- Calimag MMP. The PMA, the PRC and the PQF, the Physician and the Portfolio. The Physician 2015; 25(2): 2-8. Available from: https://www.philippinemedicalassociation.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/PMA-2015-2016-issue-2.pdf
- Marinopoulos SS, Dorman T, Ratanawongsa N, et al. Effectiveness of continuing medical education. Evid Rep Technol Assess (Full Rep) 2007:1-69.
- Davis D, O'Brien MAT, Freemantle N, Wolf FM, Mazmanian P, Taylor-Vaisey A. Impact of Formal Continuing Medical Education: Do Conferences, Workshops, Rounds, and Other Traditional Continuing Education Activities Change Physician Behavior or Health Care Outcomes?. JAMA. 1999;282(9):867–874. doi:10.1001/jama.282.9.867.
Articles related to the one you are viewing
There are currently no results to show, please try again later
CC BY: Open Access Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/