JMUST Vol 7 Issue 2

Journal for Medicine, UST

Editor: Raymond L. Rosales

ISSN: 2546-1621

Volume 7  Issue 2


Cover page credits:
Artworks consisting of paintings, photographs, and sculpture of
the UST Medicine Class 1981 Magilas Art Group artists that
were on exhibit at the UST Museum on November 16-December
13, 2022 and at the Kalayaan Hall, Philippine Consulate San
Francisco on October 6 - November 4, 2023. The group’s advocacy
is to support the USTH Surgery Indigency Fund through
the auction of its artworks.

Click here to see the full size front cover of this issue. For a high-quality image of the cover page click here.

Psychiatric Morbidities After Stroke in Asia: A Systematic Review

Stroke is currently the second leading cause of death worldwide and is one of the leading causes of long-term disability . Mood disorders are prevalent after a stroke and may hinder physical, functional, and cognitive recovery; hence, it is undeniably necessary to recognize them early. Stroke mortality is generally higher in Asia as most of the countries therein are in economic transition . Socioeconomic status is a major contributor to stroke burden as greater odds of disability are found in patients with lower educational status and income.

The primary objective of this study is to identify the psychiatric morbidities commonly seen after a stroke in Asia.

Adult Glottic Hemangioma: A Case Report

Glottic hemangioma is a benign vascular tumor that is rarely seen in the adult population. We report a rare Filipino case of glottic hemangioma in a 65-year-old female presenting with 2 weeks history of hoarseness and a smooth, pedunculated, bluish mass at the anterior one-third of the right vocal cord in flexible laryngoscopy.

A Review of the Clinical Significance of Lumbar Puncture in the Diagnostic Approach of Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage (SAH): A Case Report of CT-Negative and Lumbar Puncture–Positive SAH

Headaches are a common presentation in the emergency department (ED). Even though not all are potentially serious, some such as subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) can be more dangerous than others. SAH is a medical emergency with an almost 50% mortality rate. It is crucial not to miss the diagnosis of SAH, as a missed or delayed diagnosis can be severely detrimental.

Current Insights into Covid-19 Vaccination

Basic immunological studies are pivotal to unraveling the potential and long-term effects of the vaccines as well as to be able to make adjustments to new vaccine development. As the circulating virus strain continues to evolve, updated vaccines will be critical to protecting the population, particularly the elderly and immune compromised.

Effectiveness of Platelet-Rich Plasma as an Adjunct to Core Decompression to Treatment Outcomes and Femoral Head Preservation in Avascular Necrosis of the Hip: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

Avascular necrosis (AVN) of the femoral head results from intraosseous pathology causing functional impairment. Early diagnosis allows conservative treatment like core decompression, delaying total hip arthroplasty.

This meta-analysis aims to summarize platelet-rich plasma's (PRP) impact as an adjunct to core decompression (CD) on treatment outcomes and femoral head preservation in hip AVN.

Epidemiology of Dermatologic Conditions Among Elderly Patients at the Ambulatory Care Service of a Tertiary Hospital in Metro Manila from 2014 to 2018: A Five-year Review

Ageing is a progressive degenerative process that leads to decline in the physiological function and reserve capacity of the whole body system, including the skin. As the Filipino geriatric population escalates, the incidence of skin diseases becomes more widely acknowledged. Presently, there are only a few studies that have been reported locally describing the nature of geriatric dermatoses.

To describe the epidemiology of dermatologic conditions among Filipino elderly patients that prompted a consult at the ambulatory care service of a tertiary hospital between the years 2014 and 2018.

Clinical and Patient Reported Outcomes of Vitamin E Diffused Highly Cross-Linked Polyethylene Liner Versus Moderately Cross-Linked Polyethylene Liner in Total Hip Arthroplasty: A Meta-Analysis

In the modern era of Medicine, total hip arthroplasty (THA) is found to last longer than ever before due to the fact that there has been improved bearing surfaces and materials available. Despite these modern approaches, failure caused by polyethylene wear, aseptic loosening, instability and mispositioning and even infection could affect THA survival. In the course of addressing anti-wear characteristics of the conventional polyethylene surface various approaches have been made. To date, there are very limited studies done in which polyethylene liner is better.

The objective of this study is to compare the effects of vitamin E diffused highly cross-linked polyethylene liner versus moderately cross-linked polyethylene liner in THA.

Indications and Outcomes of Tracheostomy: A Descriptive Study Using the Outcome-Based Evaluation Forms of Otorhinolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery Department in a Tertiary Hospital (2016-2020)

Tracheostomy is a surgical procedure that creates a neck opening directly into the trachea, typically performed to establish an alternative airway for individuals who experience difficulty breathing as a result of certain medical conditions. Tracheostomy can be temporary or permanent, and it plays a crucial role in the management of both acute and chronic respiratory issues and can significantly improve the quality of life for those who require it.

This study aims to investigate the incidence, common indications and outcomes of tracheostomy in the Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery (ORL-HNS) department of a tertiary hospital in Manila, Philippines.

Bridging the Gap or Widening the Divide: A Call for Capacity-Building in Artificial Intelligence for Healthcare in the Philippines

Clinicians and researchers in the Philippines and other underrepresented regions are called to initiate capacity-building efforts to prepare for AI in healthcare. Early efforts from all stakeholders are needed to prevent the exacerbation of health inequities, especially in the new clinical frontiers brought about by GAI.